NFL Football Field

The descriptions of the football field and the rules regarding it.



The NFL football field is rectangular in size, measures 120 yards long (360 feet) and 53 yards (160 feet) wide. The of play is 100 yard long and the end zones is 10 yards on each side of the field and 30 feet deep.

The lines at each end of the field are termed End Lines. The line used in try-for-point plays is two yards out from the goal line.

NFL Football Lines


The area bounded by goal lines and sidelines is known as the NFL football field of play. The areas bounded by goal lines, end lines, and sidelines are known as the end zones.

NFL football sidelines and end lines are out of bounds. The goal line is actually in the end zone. A player with the ball in his possession scores when the ball is on, above, or over the goal line.

The little white markings on the NFL football field are called yard markers. The markings help the players, officials, and the fans keep track of the football on the field.

Inbound Lines


In line with the inbound lines there shall be marks at 1-yard intervals between each distance of 5 yards for the full length of the field. These lines are to begin 8 inches from the 6-foot solid border and are to measure 2 feet in length.

The bottoms of numbers indicate yard lines in multiples of 10 and must be placed 12 yards in from each sideline. These lines need to be 2 yards in length. Two yards from the middle of each goal line and parallel to it, they shall be marked in the field of play, lines 1 yard in length.

All boundary lines, goal lines, and marked lines are to be continuous lines. These lines and any other specified markings, must be in white, and there shall be no exceptions without the authorization of the Commissioner. NFL football field numerals must also be white.

There must be care exercised in any end-zone marking or decoration or club identification at the 50-yard line. The marking or decorations do not in any way cause confusion as to delineation of the goal lines, sidelines, and end lines. These markings or decorations must be approved by the Commissioner.

The NFL football field is rimmed by a white border, six feet wide, along the sidelines. All of these lines are out of bounds.

The inbound lines (hash-marks) are 70 feet, 9 inches (23 yards and 1 foot, 9 inches) in from each sideline are known as the side zones. The surface of the entire field of play must be a League-approved shade of green.

The Goal Post


Goal posts must be single-standard type, offset from the end line and painted bright gold in color. Vertical posts extend at least 30 feet above the crossbar and will be no less than 3 inches and no more than 4 inches in diameter.

An orange-colored ribbon 4 inches by 42 inches is to be attached to the top of each post. The actual goal is the plane extending indefinitely above the crossbar and between the outer edges of the posts.
Note: Goal posts must be padded in a manner prescribed by the League.

The Crossbar


In the plane of each end line there shall be a centrally placed horizontal crossbar are 18 feet, 6 inches in length, the top face of which is 10 feet above the ground.

The goal is the vertical plane extending indefinitely above the crossbar and between the lines indicated by the outer edges of the goal posts.

Chain Crew and Ball Boys/Girls


Members of the chain crew and the ball boys/girls must be uniformly identifiable as specified by the Commissioner. White shirts are to be worn by members of the chain crew.

Sideline Markings


All clubs must use standardized sideline markers. Pylons must be used for goal line and end line markings.

The four intersections of goal lines and sidelines must be marked, at inside corners, by weighted pylons. In addition, two such pylons shall be placed on each end line (four in all).

End zone markings and club identification at 50 yard line must be approved by the Commissioner to avoid any confusion as to delineation of goal lines, sidelines, and end lines.

The home club must provide and use the standard set of sideline markers that have been approved by the Commissioner.